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Types of Discrimination

Sexual Discrimination Overview

Sexual Discrimination Overview

What is Sexual Discrimination?
Sexual Discrimination is an overarching term that qualifies a type of illegal, unlawful, and unethical discrimination that is fostered by a prejudicial belief containing inherent and unproven bias with regard to either an individual’s or group’s gender or sexual orientation.
Gender is defined as the identification of an individual as a male or a female. Gender discrimination is a form of sexual discrimination resulting from presumed opinions that are neither proven nor rooted in empirical, factual basis.
Sexual Orientation is defined as the nature, particularity, and tendency of the sexual attraction latent in an individual or group. Although an ongoing debate exists with regard to the hereditary qualities of the development of sexual orientation, the persecution and discrimination of individuals resulting from their respective sexual orientation continues to exist.

Types of Sexual Discrimination
A wide variety of Sexual Discrimination can take place within the vast expanse of social settings in tandem with the broadness of the public sector. The following are some examples of Sexual Discrimination:
Hate Crimes: These types of crimes are typically committed as a response to personal bias and prejudice with regard to any or all definable traits or qualities latent within an individual or entity. Hate Crimes taking place as a result of Sexual Discrimination can range from the destruction of personal property to the physical assault of an individual or group.
The Glass Closet: A term that is commonly attributed to Sexual Discrimination that exists in a place of employment in which an individual is denied employment advancement or opportunities as a result of sexual orientation.

Understanding Age Discrimination

Understanding Age Discrimination

What is Age Discrimination?
 
Age Discrimination is classified as a type of discrimination that involves the illegal, unlawful, and unethical bias or prejudice with regard to the age of an individual or a group. The expanses of Age Discrimination are quite vast. They can affect individuals of all ages in virtually every avenue of society.
 
 
What is an Ageist?
An ageist is an individual who upholds a philosophy of Ageism, which can be defined as the act of perpetuating Age Discrimination through discriminatory actions and prejudicial beliefs. Ageism can exist in a wide range of institutions within society, ranging from biased employment hiring practices to prejudiced membership admission methodologies.
 
Types of Age Discrimination
Age Discrimination can occur in a variety of settings with regard to individuals ranging in age from minors to the elderly:
Age Discrimination of Minors: Although an age of consent is instituted within the legislation of the United States, Age Discrimination can take place within circumstances where a legal age of consent is not applicable.
While age of consent legislation was instituted in order to protect the safety, well-being, and interest of persons under the age of legal adulthood, Age Discrimination with regard to minors is illegal and unlawful in the event that opportunities are withheld due to their age outside of a legal parameter.
Age Discrimination for the Elderly: In many cases, senior citizens – individuals above the age of 65 – have reported situations involving Age Discrimination ranging from forced retirement to unlawful prohibitions instituted in various social settings and situations.

Direct Discrimination vs. Indirect Discrimination

Direct Discrimination vs. Indirect Discrimination

The concept of discrimination
as an offense and a meaningful ground for legal action and remedy is understood
in the legal system of the United Kingdom as being split into two specific
subjects: direct discrimination and indirect discrimination. Either of these
categories for discrimination can refer to a diverse array of factors comprising
of an individual’s identity, as defined by either that person or others, and
can thus be used to mount a legal action and bring compensation to the
plaintiff.

Direct discrimination refers to an action which explicitly
specifies the trait for which a person is being excluded or discriminated
against in some way, while indirect discrimination can be determined to have
occurred when some other trait which is named as being discriminated against
can be reliably linked to a group vulnerable to discrimination. In enacting the
latter principle of indirect discrimination, British legal theorists are
believed to have drawn on the precedent of the 1964 American Civil Rights Act,
as well as on decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court.
 

In terms of the prevention of
both direct discrimination and indirect discrimination, one of the most
pertinent pieces of legislation is the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975.
According to this legislation’s language on indirect discrimination, the
requirement of a trait which is generally not found in women would thus
constitute indirect discrimination against women. Indirect discrimination is
generally held to be more applicable on a society-wide basis, while direct
discrimination tends to arise instead from individually brought cases.